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The project was also charged with gathering intelligence on the German nuclear weapon project.
Oliphant then set out to find out why the committee's findings were apparently being ignored. Stimson, and the Chief of Staff of the Army, General George C. Roosevelt chose the Army to run the project rather than the Navy, because the Army had more experience with management of large-scale construction projects.
Three methods were employed for uranium enrichment: electromagnetic, gaseous and thermal.
Most of this work was performed at the Clinton Engineer Works at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
Little Boy and Fat Man bombs were used a month later in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively.
In the immediate postwar years, the Manhattan Project conducted weapons testing at Bikini Atoll as part of Operation Crossroads, developed new weapons, promoted the development of the network of national laboratories, supported medical research into radiology and laid the foundations for the nuclear navy.